Singapore is an island city-state off southern Malaysia. It is a global financial center with a tropical climate and multicultural population. It is often referred to as the Lion City, the Garden City, and the Red Dot. It is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia and the world’s only island city-state. It is known for its effective, pragmatic un-corrupt governance and civil service. All this combined together with its rapid development policies is widely cited as the “Singapore model”. Singapore ranks high on its national social policies. It leads Asia and ranks 11th globally, on the Human Development Index (UN).